This paper in a study of poverty in Pakistan and focuses on some of the relevant issues on the subject. It reviews the empirical literature on poverty in Pakistan over 50 years. It also estimates the extent of poverty in the country through data made available by Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES), Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS) upto 1995-96. However, it is not an attempt to improve on the methodology used for calculating poverty lines. Standard indices, the head count measure, poverty gap and the FGT index are calculated to observe the incidence of poverty. The paper calculates and compares Human Development Index, Human Poverty Index and Gender Equity Index, over the years. The study analyses the determinants and causes of poverty through a logit model based on available data.